Oil and Natural Gas Exploration Wells Drilled In New Jersey, DGS17-1

Metadata:

Identification_Information:
Citation:
Citation_Information:
Originator:
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP), New Jersey Geological and Water Survey (NJGWS)
Publication_Date: 20170720
Title:
Oil and Natural Gas Exploration Wells Drilled In New Jersey, DGS17-1
Geospatial_Data_Presentation_Form: Vector Digital Data Set (Point)
Series_Information:
Series_Name: Digital Geodata Series
Issue_Identification: DGS17-1
Publication_Information:
Publication_Place: Trenton, New Jersey
Publisher: New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Online_Linkage: http://www.state.nj.us/dep/njgs/geodata/dgs17-1.htm
Description:
Abstract:
The first well drilled specifically looking for oil and natural gas in New Jersey was completed before 1868. Since that time 35 additional oil or gas exploration wells have been drilled in the state, with 33 of them being drilled between 1915 and 1966. The first well and two later wells were drilled in the Triassic-Jurassic sandstones and shales of the Piedmont Province, with the rest being located in the sands and clays of the New Jersey Coastal Plain. None of the oil and natural gas exploration wells encountered anything to warrant further exploration. No oil or natural gas exploration wells have been drilled in either the Valley and Ridge or the Highlands Provinces.
Purpose:
To provide information on oil and natural gas exploration wells.
Supplemental_Information:
The search for oil and natural gas began in New Jersey before 1868 (New Jersey Geological Survey Permanent Notes, Cook, 1868). Since the original exploration well in Bergen County a total of 36 wells have been drilled in the state. No exploration wells have been drilled in the Paleozoic sedimentary rocks of northwestern New Jersey even though similar aged rocks of Pennsylvania and New York have produced oil and natural gas since the beginning of the industry (oil, 1859 and natural gas, 1821). Three wells were drilled in the central part of the state, in the Triassic-Jurassic sandstones and shales of the Newark Basin portion of the Piedmont Province with the remainder, 33 wells, being drilled in the Coastal Plain portion of the state. State Geologist Meredith Johnson, in a 1955 article on New Jersey’s mineral resources, indicated the most likely area to search for oil or gas would be the Coastal Plain, but cautioned that deep tests in Delaware and Maryland in similar sediments failed to find any oil or gas (Johnson, 1955). Only six oil and gas exploration wells were drilled in the state after 1951 and all were located in the Coastal Plain Province. Two of the six, the Bowman wells, were drilled within 100 feet of each other due to the drill rods being stuck at 3,200 feet in the first hole and a second hole had to be drilled to reach bedrock, the target depth, which turned out to be a hundred feet below the bottom of the first hole. Based on all the information in the Survey files, including some laboratory analyses, none of the 36 exploration wells encountered any oil or natural gas to warrant further investigation. As a result of the New Jersey Laws of 1947, Chapter 377, all of the wells drilled after 1949 had well permits issued by the State. In 1986, the Legislature passed a law requiring the Department of Environmental Protection to develop regulations for the exploration of oil and natural gas in New Jersey which the Department never promulgated. Due to the lack of regulations there has been no more recent exploration in New Jersey since the 1982 drilling of the Bowman wells, at Warren Grove, Stafford Township, Burlington County. The Transco and Bowman wells seem to have targeted a postulated geologic structure since they were clustered in a specific region. No oil or natural gas was found in any of the Coastal Plain wells even though the same age formations in the Gulf Coast produced oil. Several operators claimed to have found oil but when the actual samples were analyzed by state or federal laboratories all were found to be refined oils, not crude oil as would be expected. A few of the wells reported traces of natural gas, but nothing was significant enough to even warrant a drill string test. The main reason oil or natural gas has not been found onshore in the New Jersey Coastal Plain is that these formations are unconsolidated and there are no fold structures to form structural traps which would prevent any hydrocarbons in the sediments from migrating away.
Various Data Sources and References:
Cook, G. H., 1868, Geology of New Jersey: New Jersey Geological Survey, Newark, 899 p.
Johnson, Meredith, 1955, Conservation or Development: New Jersey’s Mineral Resources, in Review of New Jersey Business, v. XI, No. 1, Rutgers University Press.
------------------, 1961, Thirty-one selected deep wells, Geological Report Survey- well logs and map: New Jersey Geological Survey Geological Report Series, GRS No. 2, 109 p.
Kasabach, H.K. and Soudder, R.J., 1961, Deep wells of the New Jersey Coastal Plain: New Jersey Geological Survey, Geological Report Series GRS No. 3, 62 p.
Kummel, H.B., 1912, Note taking, in the Annual administrative report of the State Geologist for the year 1911, New Jersey Geological Survey Bulletin No. 6, p. 13-18. New Jersey Geological and Water Survey files and Permanent Notes.
Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20170309
Currentness_Reference: publication date
Status:
Progress: Complete
Maintenance_and_Update_Frequency: None planned
Spatial_Domain:
Bounding_Coordinates:
West_Bounding_Coordinate: -75.158849917
East_Bounding_Coordinate: -74.208757136
North_Bounding_Coordinate: 41.065124705
South_Bounding_Coordinate: 38.956715997
Keywords:
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: ISO 19115 Topic Category
Theme_Keyword: geoscientificInformation
Theme:
Theme_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Theme_Keyword: Natural Gas
Theme_Keyword: Oil
Theme_Keyword: Water
Place:
Place_Keyword_Thesaurus: USGS Place Names Gazetteer
Place_Keyword: Coastal Plain
Place_Keyword: State of New Jersey
Place_Keyword: Piedmont
Place_Keyword: New Jersey
Stratum:
Stratum_Keyword_Thesaurus: None
Stratum_Keyword: Underground
Access_Constraints: None
Use_Constraints:
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP) Data Distribution Agreement I. Description of Data to be Provided. The data provided herein are distributed subject to the following conditions and restrictions: SUBJECT DATA LAYERS For all data contained herein, NJDEP makes no representations of any kind, including, but not limited to, the warranties of merchantability or fitness for a particular use, nor are any such warranties to be implied with respect to the digital data layers furnished hereunder. NJDEP assumes no responsibility to maintain them in any manner or form. II. Terms of Agreement 1.Digital data received from the NJDEP are to be used solely for internal purposes in the conduct of daily affairs. 2.The data are provided, as is, without warranty of any kind and the user is responsible for understanding the accuracy limitations of all digital data layers provided herein, as documented in the accompanying cross-reference files (see Section 1.14 CROSS-REFERENCE). Any reproduction or manipulation of the above data must ensure that the coordinate reference system remains intact. 3. Digital data received from the NJDEP may not be reproduced or redistributed for use by anyone without first obtaining written permission from the NJDEP. This clause is not intended to restrict distribution of printed mapped information produced from the digital data. 4. Any maps, publications, reports, or other documents produced as a result of this project that utilize NJDEP digital data will credit the NJDEP's Geographic Information System (GIS) as the source of the data with the following credit/disclaimer: "This (map/publication/report) was developed using New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection Geographic Information System digital data, but this secondary product has not been verified by NJDEP and is not state-authorized." 5. Users shall require any independent contractor, hired to undertake work that will utilize digital data obtained from the NJDEP, to agree not to use, reproduce, or redistribute NJDEP GIS data for any purpose other than the specified contractual work. All copies of NJDEP GIS data utilized by an independent contractor will be required to be returned to the original user at the close of such contractual work. Users hereby agree to abide by the use and reproduction conditions specified above and agree to hold any independent contractor to the same terms. By using data provided herein, the user acknowledges that terms and conditions have been read and that the user is bound by these criteria.
Point_of_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Contact_Person: Richard Dalton
Contact_Position: Manager 4
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 29 Arctic Parkway P.O. Box 420, Mail Code: 29-01
City: Trenton
State_or_Province: New Jersey
Postal_Code: 08625-420
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (609) 292-1185
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (609) 633-1004
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: richard.dalton@dep.nj.gov
Browse_Graphic:
Browse_Graphic_File_Name: http://www.state.nj.us/dep/njgs/geodata/dgs17-1.htm#image
Browse_Graphic_File_Description: image
Browse_Graphic_File_Type: JPEG
Data_Set_Credit:
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP)/New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Security_Information:
Security_Classification_System: none
Security_Classification: Unclassified
Security_Handling_Description: none
Native_Data_Set_Environment:
Environment as of Metadata Creation: Microsoft [Unknown] Version 6.2 (Build 9200) ; Esri ArcGIS 10.4 (Build 5524) Service Pack N/A (Build N/A)
Data_Quality_Information:
Attribute_Accuracy:
Attribute_Accuracy_Report: unknown
Logical_Consistency_Report: unknown
Completeness_Report:
The well locations are based on information found in the New Jersey Geological and Water Surveys Permanent Notes, files, and from the original well permits. All the wells were originally located using the New Jersey Atlas Sheet Rectangular Coordinate System which is based on the 1:63,360- scale Atlas Sheets (Kummel, 1912). Other than the first well drilled, many of the wells were visited by Survey staff during drilling. The Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Corp. (Transco) wells have survey distances and directions based on the 1:24,000- scale USGS 7 1/2- minute quadrangles.
Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy:
Horizontal_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
The well locations are based on information found in the New Jersey Geological and Water Surveys Permanent Notes, files, and from the original well permits. All the wells were originally located using the New Jersey Atlas Sheet Rectangular Coordinate System which is based on the 1:63,360- scale Atlas Sheets (Kummel, 1912). Other than the first well drilled, many of the wells were visited by Survey staff during drilling. The Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Corp. (Transco) wells have survey distances and directions based on the 1:24,000- scale USGS 7 1/2- minute quadrangles. All the well locations were plotted on topographic quadrangle maps using Terrain Navigator and then transferred to the GIS. The locations were refined on the GIS system using aerial photography from 1930 to the present. Most of the wells were located at a scale of 1:63,360. For this scale, horizontal accuracy requires at least 90% of the tested points must be within 1/50th inch (.02 inch). .02 inch x scale / 12 inches = horizontal accuracy .02 inch x 63,360 / 12 inches = 105.5 feet
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy:
Vertical_Positional_Accuracy_Report:
A formal accuracy assessment of the vertical positional information in the data set has either not been conducted, or is not applicable.
Lineage:
Source_Information:
Source_Scale_Denominator: 63360
Type_of_Source_Media: Digital and/or Hardcopy Resources
Source_Time_Period_of_Content:
Time_Period_Information:
Range_of_Dates/Times:
Beginning_Date: 19150101
Ending_Date: 19660101
Source_Currentness_Reference: publication date
Source_Citation_Abbreviation: Source Input 1
Source_Contribution:
Source information used in support of the development of the data set.
Process_Step:
Process_Description:
The well locations are based on information found in the New Jersey Geological and Water Surveys Permanent Notes, files, and from the original well permits. All the wells were originally located using the New Jersey Atlas Sheet Rectangular Coordinate System which is based on the 1:63,360- scale Atlas Sheets (Kummel, 1912). Other than the first well drilled, many of the wells were visited by Survey staff during drilling. The Transcontinental Gas Pipeline Corp. (Transco) wells have survey distances and directions based on the 1:24,000- scale USGS 7 1/2- minute quadrangles. All the well locations were plotted on topographic quadrangle maps using Terrain Navigator software and the imported into ArcGIS. The locations were refined on the GIS system using aerial photography from 1930 to the present.
Process_Date: 20170309
Spatial_Data_Organization_Information:
Direct_Spatial_Reference_Method: Point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Information:
SDTS_Terms_Description:
SDTS_Point_and_Vector_Object_Type: Entity point
Point_and_Vector_Object_Count: 36
Spatial_Reference_Information:
Horizontal_Coordinate_System_Definition:
Planar:
Grid_Coordinate_System:
Grid_Coordinate_System_Name: State Plane Coordinate System 1983
State_Plane_Coordinate_System:
SPCS_Zone_Identifier: 2900
Transverse_Mercator:
False_Easting: 492125.0
False_Northing: 0.0
Longitude_of_Projection_Center: -74.5
Latitude_of_Projection_Center: 38.8333333333
Planar_Coordinate_Information:
Planar_Coordinate_Encoding_Method: coordinate pair
Coordinate_Representation:
Abscissa_Resolution: [Unknown]
Ordinate_Resolution: [Unknown]
Planar_Distance_Units: Foot_US
Geodetic_Model:
Horizontal_Datum_Name: D_North_American_1983
Ellipsoid_Name: GRS_1980
Semi-major_Axis: 6378137.0
Denominator_of_Flattening_Ratio: 298.257222101
Entity_and_Attribute_Information:
Detailed_Description:
Entity_Type:
Entity_Type_Label: OilGasWells
Entity_Type_Definition: Oil and Natural Gas Wells
Entity_Type_Definition_Source: New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: FID
Attribute_Definition: Internal feature number.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain:
Sequential unique whole numbers that are automatically generated.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: Shape
Attribute_Definition: Feature geometry.
Attribute_Definition_Source: ESRI
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: Coordinates defining the features.
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: ID
Attribute_Definition: Unique ID for each well.
Attribute_Definition_Source: New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: unique input
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: COMPANY_NA
Attribute_Definition: The company that is drilling the well.
Attribute_Definition_Source: New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: WELL_NA
Attribute_Definition: The well name.
Attribute_Definition_Source: New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: NORTHING
Attribute_Definition: In NJ State Plane feet.
Attribute_Definition_Source: New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: unique input
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: EASTING
Attribute_Definition: In NJ State Plane feet.
Attribute_Definition_Source: New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: unique input
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: PERMIT_NUM
Attribute_Definition: Wells after 1949 were required to have a permit.
Attribute_Definition_Source: New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: CNSTR_DAT
Attribute_Definition: The year the well was drilled.
Attribute_Definition_Source: New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: TOTALDPTH
Attribute_Definition: The total well depth.
Attribute_Definition_Source: New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: NOTES
Attribute_Definition: Supplemental infomation regarding the well.
Attribute_Definition_Source: New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: MUN
Attribute_Definition: Municipality
Attribute_Definition_Source: New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: unique input
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: COUNTY
Attribute_Definition: County
Attribute_Definition_Source: New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Attribute_Domain_Values:
Unrepresentable_Domain: unique input
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: LATITUDE
Attribute_Definition:
Angular distance of a point on the earth's surface north or south or equator, measured along a meridian, the equator being latitude zero degrees.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Dictionary of Geological Terms
Attribute:
Attribute_Label: LONGITUDE
Attribute_Definition:
Angular distance between the meridian of a given place and the prime meridian of Greenwich, England, which has longitude zero degrees, measured east or west to a maximum value of 180 degrees.
Attribute_Definition_Source: Dictionary of Geological Terms
Distribution_Information:
Distributor:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection, New Jersey Geological and Water Survey
Contact_Position: Webmaster
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 29 Arctic Parkway, P.O. Box 420, Mail Code: 29-01
City: Trenton
State_or_Province: New Jersey
Postal_Code: 08625-420
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (609) 292-1185
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (609) 633-1004
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: njgsweb@dep.nj.gov
Distribution_Liability:
This organization provides the geographic data as is. This organization makes no guarantee or warranty concerning the accuracy of information contained in the geographic data. Also, this organization makes no warranty either expressed or implied, regarding the condition of the product or its fitness for any particular purpose. The burden for determining fitness for use lies entirely with the user. Although these files have been processed successfully on computers at this organization, no warranty is made by this organization regarding the use of these data on any other system, nor does the fact of distribution constitute or imply any such warranty.
Standard_Order_Process:
Digital_Form:
Digital_Transfer_Information:
Format_Name: Vector Digital Data Set (Point)
Format_Version_Number: 9x
File_Decompression_Technique: WinZip
Transfer_Size: 0.004
Digital_Transfer_Option:
Online_Option:
Computer_Contact_Information:
Network_Address:
Fees: None
Ordering_Instructions:
Available by downloading from New Jersey Geological and Water Survey website.
Technical_Prerequisites:
Internet access and web browser for viewing in internet mapping applications and software capable of viewing ESRI shapefiles for the downloadable shapefile.
Available_Time_Period:
Time_Period_Information:
Single_Date/Time:
Calendar_Date: 20170309
Metadata_Reference_Information:
Metadata_Date: 20170720
Metadata_Contact:
Contact_Information:
Contact_Organization_Primary:
Contact_Organization:
New Jersey Department of Environmental Protection (NJDEP), New Jersey Geological and Water Survey (NJGWS)
Contact_Person: Ronald Pristas
Contact_Position: Geographic Information Specialist 1
Contact_Address:
Address_Type: Mailing and Physical
Address: 29 Arctic Parkway P.O box 420, Mail Code: 29-01
City: Trenton
State_or_Province: New Jersey
Postal_Code: 08625-420
Contact_Voice_Telephone: (609) 984-6587
Contact_Facsimile_Telephone: (609) 633-1004
Contact_Electronic_Mail_Address: ron.pristas@dep.nj.gov
Metadata_Standard_Name: FGDC Content Standard for Digital Geospatial Metadata
Metadata_Standard_Version: FGDC-STD-001-1998
Metadata_Time_Convention: local time
Metadata_Security_Information:
Metadata_Security_Classification_System: none
Metadata_Security_Classification: Unclassified
Metadata_Security_Handling_Description: none

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